Family members in Japanese

Family in Japanese is かぞく (kazoku) – 家族. There is a difference between own family members and others family members when mentioning them in Japanese.

Own Family Members:

Parents = りょうしん (ryoushin) – 両親
Father = ちち (chichi) – 父
Mother = はは (haha) – 母
Younger Brother = おとうと (otouto) – 弟
Younger Sister = いもうと (imouto) – 妹
Elder Brother = あに (ani) – 兄
Elder Sister = あね (ane) – 姉
Wife = つま (tsuma) – 妻
Husband = しゅじん (shujin) – 主人
Son = むすこ (musuko) – 息子
Daughter = むすめ (musume) – 娘
Grandmother = そぼ (sobo) – 祖母
Grandfather = そふ (sofu) – 祖父

Own Wife also mentioned as かない (kanai) – 家内 and own Husband also mentioned as おっと (otto) – 夫 in Japanese.

Someone’s Family Members:

Parents = ごりょうしん (go ryoushin) – ご両親
Father = おとうさん (otou san) – お父さん
Mother = おかあさん (okaa san) – お母さん
Younger Brother = おとうとさん (otouto san) – 弟さん
Younger Sister = いもうとさん (imouto san) – 妹さん
Elder Brother = おにいさん (onii san) – お兄さん
Elder Sister = おねえさん (onee san) – お姉さん
Wife = おくさん (okusan) – 奥さん
Husband = ごしゅじん (go shujin) – ご主人
Son = むすこさん (musuko san) – 息子さん
Daughter = おじょうさん (ojou san) – お嬢さん
Grandmother = おばあさん (obaa san) – お婆さん
Grandfather = おじいさん (ojii san) – お爺さん

Hope this article helps you with how to mention own family members and someones family member in Japanese system. Only main family members are being covered here which is pretty much essential to know. Once you master these words you can start using them when it is necessary.


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