Hours minutes seconds in Japanese

Today we will learn about how to say time of the day in Japanese. Lets learn how to say hours, minutes and seconds in Japanese language.

Hours in Japanese:

HoursHiraganaReadingKanji
1いちじichi ji一時
2にじni ji二時
3さんじsan ji三時
4よじyo ji四時
5ごじgo ji五時
6ろくじroku ji六時
7しちじshichi ji七時
8はちじhachi ji八時
9くじku ji九時
10じゅうじjuu ji十時
11じゅういちじjuuichi ji十一時
12じゅうにじjuuni ji 十二時

Make sure to remember 4, 7 and 9 o clock in Japanese correctly since these three are the tricky ones.

PM in Japanese is ごご (gogo) 午後
AM in Japanese is ごぜん (gozen) 午前

For 12PM it is gogo juuni ji / Shoogo
For 12AM it is gozen ree ji

So if you want to say it is 3PM in Japanese
ごご さんじ = gogo san ji
If you want to say it is 8AM in Japanese
ごぜん はちじ = gozen hachi ji
If you want to say it is 11PM in Japanese
ごご じゅういちじ = gogo juuichi ji

Pretty much straight forward right? If you want to say 3:30PM or 8:30AM or 11:30PM how do you say it in Japanese? It is very simple as well.

If you want to say it is 3:30PM in Japanese
ごご さんじ はん = gogo san ji han
If you want to say it is 8:30AM in Japanese
ごぜん はちじ はん = gozen hachi ji han
If you want to say it is 11:30PM in Japanese
ごご じゅういちじ はん = gogo juu ichi ji han

By adding the word はん (han) 半 right after the hour, it means half past. But if it is only 30 minutes then the saying is different.
Lets take a look at minutes in Japanese.

Minutes in Japanese:

MinutesHiraganaReadingKanji
1いっぷんippun1分
2にふんnifun2分
3さんぷんsanpun3分
4よんふんyonfun4分
5ごふんgofun5分
6ろっぷんroppun6分
7ななふんnanafun7分
8はっぷんhappun8分
9きゅうふんkyuufun9分
10じゅっぷんjuppun10分

1 to 10 is basic Japanese reading for minutes. Lets look how to build after 10 minutes:

11 minutes = じゅういっぷん (juuippun) – 11分
12 minutes = じゅうにふん (juunifun) – 12分
15 minutes = じゅうごふん (juugofun) – 15分
20 minutes = にじゅっぷん (nijuppun) – 20分
30 minutes = さんじゅっぷん (sanjuppun) – 30分
35 minutes = さんじゅうごふん (sanjuugofun) – 35分
40 minutes = よんじゅっぷん (yonjuppun) – 40分
42 minutes = よんじゅうにふん (yonjuunifun) – 42分
50 minutes = ごじゅっぷん (gojuppun) – 50分
51 minutes = ごじゅういっぷん (gojuuippun) – 51分
52 minutes = ごじゅうにふん (gojuunifun) – 52分
59 minutes = ごじゅうきゅうふん (gojuukyuufun) – 59分

Seconds in Japanese:

SecondsHiraganaReadingKanji
1いちびょうichi-byoo1秒
2にびょうni-byoo2秒
3さんびょうsan-byoo3秒
4よんびょうyon-byoo4秒
5ごびょうgo-byoo5秒
6ろくびょうroku-byoo6秒
7ななびょうnana-byoo7秒
8はちびょうhachi-byoo8秒
9きゅうびょうkyu-byoo9秒
10じゅうびょうjuu-byoo10秒

Seconds in Japanese is straight forward as well since there is no sound changes with numbers. If you know numbers in Japanese then all you need to do is just add byoo (びょう) – 秒 right after the number. That is all.

If you want to say it is 3:30:56PM in Japanese
ごご さんじ はん ごじゅうろく びょう= gogo san ji han go juu roku byoo
If you want to say it is 8:30:25AM in Japanese
ごぜん はちじ はん にじゅうご びょう = gozen hachi ji han ni juu go byoo
If you want to say it is 11:11:41PM in Japanese
ごご じゅういちじ じゅういっぷん よんじゅういち びょう = gogo juu ichi ji juuippun yon ju ichi byoo

At this point you may have already get an idea about how to build hours, minutes and seconds structure in Japanese. It is better to learn the basic reading first and then try by yourself with random timing other than above examples.

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